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In Guinea, soon a new Constitution… and promises

Guinea Doumbouya

When announcing the launch of the drafting of a new Constitution, the Guinean President of the Transition, Mamadi Doumbouya, promised to leave office at the end of the year 2024.

Colonel Mamadi Doumbouya has promised: after 2024, he will no longer be in command of Guinea. The President of the Transition, in office since September 2021, assured Tuesday: "We will, of course, organize the transition, but we will not be part of the post-transition". A clear message, transmitted during a ceremony dedicated to the launch of the drafting of a new Constitution.

The transition will indeed go through a new text, reiterated the colonel, who has not yet delivered all the information concerning the future Constitution. But whatever happens, it is the people who will decide whether or not to adopt the text in a referendum. In the meantime, explained the president of the transition, "it is important that the Constitution is not written by a tailor-made person and especially that it is not tailor-made for a political party".

Who will be responsible for writing the Constitution? Doumbouya simply indicates that "the CNT (National Council of the Transition, editor's note) will of course write it, but it is up to the people of Guinea as a whole who will adopt the Constitution by referendum". In 2020, Alpha Condé had organized a constitutional referendum which had caused controversy and certainly precipitated his fall, as the new texts were written so that he could run for new terms.

A Constitution before highly anticipated elections

Colonel Mamadi Doumbouya wants a Constitution “which will stand the test of time and which can be useful to our children”. But that takes a bit of time… “It's not a question of taking the Constitution next door and photocopying it to write a Constitution. It is a question, as a soldier, when there is a problem, of finding the solution”, he summarizes quite simply.

After endless discussions with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) regarding the transition roadmap, Mamadi Doumbouya ended up staying the course regarding a transition that would end at the end of the year. year 2024. As for the Constitution, its drafting process, according to the Guinean magistrates, was to last throughout the current year. The military junta will then have one year to put in place the institutions provided for by law and organize general elections.

Doumbouya will not run for president. He assures that he “will not spend another day at the end of the 24 months of transition. He gave his word to the people of Guinea,” reassured government spokesman Ousmane Gaoual Diallo. As promised by the CNT, it is elected civilians who will take control of Guinea at the end of the next two years.

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