by Nelson Nkosi

In 2024, BRICS will include three African countries

En 2024, les BRICS compteront trois pays africains

In addition to Iran, Argentina, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, two African countries, Egypt and Ethiopia, will join the BRICS from January 2024.

After South Africa, Egypt and Ethiopia will join the BRICS organization in a few months. On the occasion of the 15th Summit of the group of five countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), which is taking place in Johannesburg, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa indicated that Iran, Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates would join BRICS as of January 1, 2024.

First surprise of this announcement: the absence of Algeria from the list. However, last year, President Tebboune assured that the year 2023 would be "crowned by Algeria's accession to the BRICS", before changing his mind and announcing, at the start of the month, that his country would be previously an “observer member” of the group, before joining it. The BRICS are, according to Tebboune, a “considerable economic and political power”, and his country, a “pioneer of non-alignment”, will be a logical member. In the meantime, Algiers will try to comply with the economic demands of the BRICS, in particular with its new investment code.

Repeated non-alignment

In the meantime, therefore, if the acronym BRICS still gives pride of place to the five founding countries for the moment, the grouping is “starting a new chapter”, in the words of Cyril Ramaphosa. The six new powers were unanimously accepted. Enough to strengthen the BRICS – which until today, alone, produced a quarter of the world's wealth and brought together 42% of the planet's population – but also accentuate the bipolarization of the world.

If “Ethiopia stands ready to cooperate with all for an inclusive and prosperous world order”, according to its Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, and Egypt is convinced of benefiting from it, it is above all the support of Iran which marks a real turning point: for President Ebrahim Raïssi's political advisor, this crowns Iran's “foreign policy”.

Geopolitically speaking, the expansion of the grouping is also important at a time when the United States is trying to pressure developing countries into clearly opposing Russia. The BRICS reaffirmed their “non-aligned” position during this summit.