During the last summit of the African Union, Joe Biden intervened in video to draw the contours of the future African policy of the United States.
January 2018. In the Oval Office of the White House, Donald Trump chaired a meeting on immigration. He would then ask, in private, "Why are all these people from shitty countries coming here?" "By evoking" shitty countries ", he spoke of Haiti, El Salvador, but also African countries which had then demanded an apology from the American president.
Relief in January when Joe Biden took over the United States. The heads of state of Africa saw in it a glimmer of hope, that of being once again considered by the country of Uncle Sam.
No trip to Africa for Donald Trump
Indeed, during his mandate, Donald Trump had totally forgotten the continent, not going there once, whereas his predecessors had made several trips to Africa - Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Obama had respectively participated in 8 , 10 and 6 official visits to the continent. And in four years, only Presidents Buhari and Kenyatta have been invited to the White House.
Although he has not traveled to Africa, Donald Trump has nevertheless made sure to increase the US military presence in the fight against terrorism - classic for a Republican. He also renewed the allocation of $ 7 billion to Africa during the three years following his election in 2016. With one objective: to counter Chinese investment on the continent.
This African policy on the part of the United States could well evolve with the arrival of Joe Biden at the White House. In early February, the African Union held its 34th summit by videoconference. The brand new American president was keen to participate in his own way by sending a video in which he calls for "dialogue in mutual respect", "partnerships to be rebuilt with international institutions", or even a "promotion of a common vision of a better future ”.
"The United States stands ready now to be your partner"
Trade, health, security or even climate… Joe Biden evoked the main axes of the new cooperation between the United States and Africa, making sure to stand out from Donald Trump. A few days earlier, the Head of State had decided to appoint a personality of Guinean origin, Mahmoud Bah, to head the Millennium Challenge Corporation, the independent agency of the American government in charge of providing grants to certain countries. .
Biden has also shown his willingness not to put Africa aside, choosing members of the Clinton and Obama administrations to help him shape the contours of his African policy. The US president has promised to organize a summit to which African heads of state will be invited.
If we do not yet know the precise axes of the new African policy of the United States, no doubt that Biden will try to distinguish himself from his predecessor. The American president wishes to attend the next summit of the African Union. “The United States stands ready now to be your partner in solidarity, support and mutual respect,” Joe Biden told the AU in his video. A statement that contrasts with the policy of the Trump administration.