The scenarios are similar, and for some countries, are repeated. This did not prevent several African countries whose elections were held in 2020 from showing unparalleled civility and chic. The Journal of Africa presents you with a check-up of the African elections of 2020.
The Comoros: legislative, 2 rounds, January 19 - February 23, 2020
Since the return to power of President Azali Assoumani in 2016, the Comoros has experienced a lot of turbulence. Demonstrations, repressive acts, a typically African constitutional referendum to bypass the presidential term limit, the suspension of the constitutional court ...
Three weeks before the first round of legislative elections, the president uses his newly acquired powers to lift the immunity of opposition MPs and have them arrested. In order to challenge the president's actions, the opposition parties boycotted the elections. At the end of the first round, the president's party (CRC) won 16 seats, at the end of the second, 4 additional seats, if we add the 9 indirectly elected seats, the CRC holds 29 seats of the 33 planned in parliament.
Cameroon: legislative, February 9, exceptional by-elections on March 22, 2020
President's party wins 152 seats out of 180. The country is under tension because of the attacks of the terrorist organization Boko Haram in the north, and it is impossible to hold the elections in the west because of the armed conflict of the state with the separatists
Togo: presidential, February 22, finished in the first round of 2020
With the 2019 constitutional revision in the rearview mirror, Togo has lent itself to a relatively quiet electoral campaign. President Faure Gnassingbé (UNIR) won the election in the first round with 70% votes. The post-election crisis was less bloodthirsty than the previous ones. Moreover, it should be noted that this electoral crisis was mainly caused by the announcement of the premature victory of the main opposition candidate Agbéyomé Kodjo.
Mali: legislative, 2 rounds, March 29 - April 19, 2020
The Malian context means that the holding of the elections, their conduct and their results are not very representative of what a national ballot should exhibit. First, the participation rate capped at 35% of registrants. Then, a few days before the first round of the elections, Soumaïla
Cisse, leader of Mali's third party (URD), was kidnapped by the GSIM. As if that were not enough, on the very day of the first round, presidents of polling stations were kidnapped among other acts of anti-election violence carried out by the GSIM and its Katiba.
Anyway, later in the year, following a military putsch by Soundiata-Keïta officers, President Keïta resigned, parliament and government were dissolved and the state is currently under the control of the government. transitional council (military obviously) with Bah n'Daw at the head of the executive.
Burundi: presidential election ended in the first round and legislative, May 20, 2020
The Republic of Burundi, in a few words, is not a rule of law. The public power was moreover a simple instrument of indictment, torture, condemnation and exile of the opponents to the power of the Military Council (CNDD-FDD).
In terms of numbers, the turnout of these triple-elections was suspiciously high (88% turnout). The new face of the ruling party, evangelist Evariste Ndayishimiye was elected president in the first round with 71% of the vote. The deputies of the same party (CNDD-FDD) dominate the National Assembly with 86 seats, or 71% representation in parliament. It's quite reasonable ...
Malawi: early presidential election ended in the first round, June 23, 2020
Following several electoral offenses during the previous (regular) elections of 2019, the Constitutional Court ordered the reorganization of the ballot. In new elections, Malawi Congress Party (MCP) candidate wins in first round with 59% of votes
Guinea: presidential election ended in the first round, October 18, 2020
The RPG candidate (without bad puns) and outgoing president Alpha Condé won this highly criticized ballot with more than 59% of the votes in the first round. The electoral campaign of the two main candidates Alpha Condé and Cellou Dalein Diallo was conducted calmly and with relative elegance.
However, while awaiting the results of the ballot, a long wait mediated by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) and international bodies on both sides of the two sides of the presidential race, the tension gradually increased among the opposition camp.
Cellou Dalein Diallo (UFDG) announced his victory early, based on a count made by his activists in the polling stations. Which, in light of the provisional results, caused chaos in the strongholds of the UFDG. This does not prevent the 2020 election from remaining the calmest in Guinea's history.
Seychelles: presidential election ended in the first round and legislative, from 22 to 24 October 2020
The two elections resulted in similar choices on the part of voters. Outgoing President Danny Faure (Lepep) won 43% of the vote, and his party won 10 of the 35 seats in parliament. The new president, Wavel Ramkalawan, obtained 55% of the vote and the deputies of his party (LDS) 25 seats in the National Assembly.
The rise of the Seychelles presidential election marks the first political alternation in the country's history. It is also globally one of the few African countries which does not suffer from political crises. Moreover, the outgoing president was gracious and congratulated the opposition on its victory.
Tanzania: simultaneous presidential and legislative elections, October 28, 2020
The only notable event of these elections is the departure of President Jakaya Kikwete, replaced by his minister of infrastructure and member of his party. The new president, John Magufuli, aka the Bulldozer, enjoys good political capital in the Party State (CCM) as well as among the people, he won the elections with 84% of the vote.
As for the legislative elections, the CCM won 252 out of 376 seats, the gap would have been even greater if the quota of deputies elected by the Hondt method (ie 110 seats) were not so large. Note the low participation in the elections, probably caused by the phobia of Covid-19.
Ivory Coast: presidential, October 31, 2020
With an attendance of 54% on presidential day as well as the boycott of the opposition, President Alassane Ouattara had no trouble winning the elections with 95% of the vote.
The Ivorian poll was punctuated by a wave of arrests of opponents, as well as the ban on demonstrations throughout the month of October preceding the elections. An arrest warrant has been issued against the main opposition presidential candidate, Guillaume Soro.
Legislative elections were also scheduled for the same period, but they were postponed for March 2021.
Burkina Faso: simultaneous presidential and legislative elections, November 22, 2020
Despite a 50% turnout caused mainly by security concerns in the east of the country, the elections were conducted within standards. President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (MPP) was re-elected in the first round with almost 58% of the votes. His party obtained 56 parliamentary seats, the same number of seats as in the last legislative elections.
Ghana : simultaneous presidential and legislative elections, December 7, 2020
Another change at the head of state during these exemplary elections, the main candidates having agreed publicly and beforehand to do nothing in order to endanger the stability of the country. Nana Akufo-Addo (NPP) was elected with 51% of the vote in the first round of the presidential election. The outgoing president (John Mahama - NDC) acknowledged the victory of Ghana's new head of state without a hitch.
As far as parliament is concerned, the result is rarely seen, if not unheard of in Africa. The Parliament of Ghana has no majority, 50-50 as they say. The NPP and the NDC share the legislature of an African country whose politicians have been able to be democratic. They do not remain economically without balance sheet, in the case of the outgoing president.